Ambassador Robin L. Raphel
Ambassador Robin L. Raphel is a consultant on political, security and economic development issues in South Asia and the Middle East. As a career foreign service officer, she served nearly 40 years in US foreign affairs agencies, including the Department of State, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), and Department of Defense. She was the first Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia, Ambassador to Tunisia, Vice President of the National Defense University, and Deputy Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction. She managed the sharp increase of development assistance to Pakistan under late Ambassador Holbrooke and deployed to Iraq with the first civilian contingent after the 2003 invasion to help restore the critical food ration system throughout the country. Earlier in her career she served in Pakistan, India, South Africa and the UK, and taught history at Damavand Women’s College in Iran. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a Senior Adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, C&O Resources, and Nichols Liu LLC. Ambassador Raphel holds Master’s degrees in Economics from the University of Maryland, USA and Modern European History from Murray Edwards College at Cambridge University in the UK.